Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)

MIS Joint Replacement offers important advantages, requiring smaller incisions and potentially causing less trauma, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery and less scarring than traditional techniques.

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Total Joint Replacement (TJR)

Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which certain parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with an artificial joint, which is designed to move just like a healthy joint.

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Shape Match Custom Fit Knee

A Triathlon Custom Fit Knee® (GetAroundKnee) with ShapeMatch® Technology replacement allows Dr. Kastrup to perform your knee procedure with customized guides that are designed to provide a fit more closely matching your unique anatomy.

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Knee Arthritis Care in Las Vegas, Nevada

Multiple forms of arthritis may impact knee function and health, resulting in substantial discomfort and loss of joint mobility. Based on the type present, as well as the level of degeneration experienced, Dr. Kastrup will recommend an approach for comprehensive care. Focus will be placed on both symptom relief and the correction of any present damage.

Types and Symptoms of Arthritis

There are three primary types of arthritis that may impact function of the knee joint:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Post-traumatic arthritis
    • Osteoarthritis is the most common form of knee arthritis, and is characterized by the progressive breakdown of joint cartilage. While genetics influence the occurrence of OA, aging and activity-associated wear-and-tear are also significant contributing factors.

      Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease that results in faster-paced cartilage destruction, and is often associated with severe joint swelling and immobility. Unlike OA and RA, post-traumatic arthritis stems from a specific joint injury, such as a ligament or meniscal tear, and may not emerge until years after the initial damage.

      While pain and discomfort are the most recognizable signs of a potential arthritic knee condition, other frequently reported symptoms include:

      • Swelling and inflammation
      • Difficulty walking, standing, and/or climbing stairs
      • Sensation of the knee “giving way”
      • Joint “locking” and “buckling”

      In many cases, symptoms will grow more frequent and extreme over time, as well as be exacerbated by periods of physical activity. When diagnosing the presence of knee arthritis, Dr. Kastrup will document a symptom history, as well as employ a combination of basic motion tests and more in-depth diagnostic exams (such as an MRI or X-ray).

      Non-Invasive Treatment Approaches

      Upon the initial delivery of a knee arthritis diagnosis, non-invasive treatment efforts will likely be recommended for pain relief, and in turn, improved mobility. Frequently prescribed approaches include, but are not limited to:

      • Weight and/or nutrition management
      • Exercise and/or physical therapy
      • Bracing or other orthotics
      • Mobility supports (i.e. crutches or walker)
      • Anti-inflammatory and pain medications

      If these non-invasive efforts do not provide substantial relief, or if initial damage is too severe for their use, an additional approach to surgical correction may be recommended.

      Surgical Correction of Arthritis

      Depending on the type of knee arthritis present, as well as the location of the specific damage sustained, Dr. Kastrup will determine the best operation type for injury repair. Common forms of corrective surgery include:

      • Arthroscopic surgery (ligament and cartilage repair)
      • Osteotomy (joint alignment)
      • Total or partial arthroplasty (joint replacement)
      • Cartilage grafting (cartilage replacement)

      Whether a minimally invasive or traditional open approach is employed, a gradual approach to knee rehabilitation will be encouraged, emphasizing the avoidance of post-op irritation or re-injury.

      Ongoing Recovery and Rehabilitation

      Immediately after surgery, all stitches or sutures should remain covered by a dry, surgical dressing for up to 2 weeks. In addition the RICE approach of rest, ice, compression, and elevation will likely be recommended for use in combination with anti-inflammatory and pain medications, in order to reduce post-op discomfort and pain.

      Dr. Kastrup will prescribe a gradual return to physical activities and overarching knee use. Initial therapy efforts will focus on rebuilding flexibility and rotation, followed by the undertaking of strength exercises. Regular checkups will be completed to ensure successful recovery, as well as the avoidance of over-exertion or other setbacks.

      As with any surgical procedure, unexpected symptoms or causes for concern should be reported to the medical team immediately.

      Knee Arthritis Care in Henderson, Nevada

      To learn more about Dr. Kastrup's approach to treating knee arthritis, contact his Henderson, NV office.